The proprietorship type of ownership which experiences certain restrictions, for example, constrained assets, restricted aptitude and boundless obligation. Development in business requires more capital and administrative abilities and furthermore includes more risk. A proprietor discovers himself unfit to satisfy these prerequisites. This assemblence for more people comes, with various edges and begins business. For instance if a man who needs administrative abilities yet may have capital. Someone else who is a decent administrator yet might not have capital. At the point when these people meet up, pool their capital and aptitudes and sort out a business, it is called association. Association develops basically in view of the constraints or weaknesses of proprietorship.
The Indian Partnership Act, 1932, Section 4, defined partnership as the relation between persons who have agreed to share the profits of business carried on by all or any of them acting for all.
1) Lawful Existence
2) Profit loss sharing
3) Contractual relationship
4) Utmost faith and honesty and transparency
5) Unlimited liability
6) More Persons
7) Restriction on transfer of shares
8) Principal agent relationship
1) Easy Formation: Organization is a legally binding assentation between the accomplices to run an endeavour. Consequently, it is moderately straightforwardness to shape. Legitimate conventions related with arrangement are negligible. However, the enrolment of an organization is attractive, yet not compulsory.
2) More Capital Available: The sole proprietorship experiences from the limitation of limited funds. Partnership overcomes this problem, to a great extent, because now there is more than one person who provides funds to the enterprise. It also increases the borrowing capacity of the firm and the lending institutions also perceive less risk in granting credit to a partnership than to a proprietorship because the risk of loss is spread over a number of partners rather than only one.
3) Combined Talent, Judgement and Skill: As there are in excess of one proprietor in association, every one of the accomplices are engaged with basic leadership. Typically, accomplices are pooled from various specific zones to supplement one another. For instance, if there are three accomplices, one accomplice may be a pro underway, another in back and the third in promoting. This gives the firm preference of aggregate mastery for taking better choices. In this way, the familiar proverb of "two heads being superior to anything one" appropriately applies to association
4) Distribution of Risk: In sole proprietorship, the entire losses are borne by the sole person but in case of partnership, the losses of the firm are shared by all the partners as per their agreed profit-sharing ratios. Thus, the share of loss in case of each partner will be less than that in case of proprietorship.
5) Flexibility: Like proprietorship, the partnership business is also flexible. The partners can easily appreciate and quickly react to the changing conditions. No giant business organisation can stifle so quick and creative responses to new opportunities.
6) Tax Advantage: Taxation rates applicable to partnership are lower than proprietorship and company forms of business ownership.